Mix up the vast landscapes of the Gobi, the snowcapped mountains of Bayan-Ölgi and the dramatic gorges and sparkling lakes of Khövsgöl. Sprinkle in the felt homes of the nomad and the cry of an eagle. Add Buddhist temples, mysterious ruins, abundant wildlife and legendary hospitality. Then top it all off with a conqueror who started with nothing and ended up changing history. If this description perpetuates your belief in an untouched country, then you also need the scoop on the new Mongolia. Add to the above internet cafés in Ulaanbaatar, herders chatting on mobile phones, Manhattan-style cocktail bars, eco-yurts and vegetarian cafés. The Humvees plying Peace Ave would probably have Chinggis Khaan turning green with envy. Since the fall of communism, Mongolia has done just about everything in its power to open itself up to the world. While the old traditions survive and the wild nature is still mostly intact, Mongolia has also reached out to the West for economic and cultural ties.

Official name

Mongol Uls (Mongolia)


Political Regime

Parliamentary republic



1.564.100 km²



3.179.997 people.



Ulan Bator


Ethnic Groups

There are about 20 ethnic groups of either Mongol or Turkish origin. There are two main groups named Oirat (eastern of Mongolia), and Khalkha and Barga (western ones). About 80% of population is Khalkha ethnic group. Oirat groups are subdivided into several ethnic groups: the Bayat (about 2 % of population.), the Dorvod (about 3% of population), the Olot and Torguut, Buryat ethnic group (about 2 % of population).



Official Mongolian becomes from Altaic language family



Buddhism began to enter into Mongolia from Tibet the second half of the XVI century, and nowadays mostly Mongolians are buddhists



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