What to see? | India

 

Delhi

Delhi is the capital of the country. Despite it’s pollution, crowds, smells, noises and harassment by beggars creating a negative first impression, it is a fascinating city with its interesting monuments and bazaars. In Examples are the Delhi Jama Masjid Mosque, the largest in India, Red Fort with walls up to 33 meters. The Chadni Chow is the main street. There are colorful and chaotic bazaars of Delhi. Also the Paharganj markets, the abolished Khari spices, and the Raj Ghat where Gandhi was cremated. New Delhi areas of interest include Connaught Place, the presidential residence Rashtrapati Vahaban located in the Parliament, India Gate, and Humayun's Tomb which is the best example of Mughal architecture in India. A must to be seen are the gardens of Shalimar Bagh and the Minaret of Qtab Minar.

 

Punjab

Amritsar: The holy city of Sikhs is very near the border with Pakistan. It is known for its Golden Temple, the main attraction of the whole city and the holiest shrine of the Sikhs. To access the interior one must follow local customs (shoes, wash feet and head coverings).
Within walking distance is the Jallianwala Bagh park in the modern areaand the Ram Bagh Gardens.

 

Himachal Pradesh

Dharamsala: A mountain town that became important with the arrival of the Dalai Lama. The most interesting is the Museo de Arte which displays objects made by local artists. McLeod Ganj is the headquarters of the Tibetan government in exile. The Dalai Lama resides in Tsugla Khang. In the Namgyal Monastery one can observe the daily life of monks. The Library preserves some of the texts that were rescued from Tibet. Khang Tsee Men Museum shows the healing methods of Tibetan medicine.

 

Laddakh

Leh: Located in a small valley north of the Indus. Its most famous landmark is the Leh Palace built in the sixteenth century, but today is deserted and badly damaged, but from there is a great view.

Thikse Gompa: A picturesque setting overlooking the Indus River, whose religious center houses an important collection of Tibetan books, fine art and where one can attend religious ceremonies.

Hemis Gompa: The largest and most important temple in Ladakh

Lamayuru: The oldest monastery in Laddakh, where 200 monks still live.

Alchi A monastery dating from the eleventh century in which there are preserved wall paintings and Laddakh’s oldest cashmere with Greek influence. Its surroundings are ancient petro glyphs.

 

Kashmir

Srinagar: The capital with old stone houses and wood, crossed by canals that flow into the Dal Lake with its famous houseboats. The visitor must walk through the bustling bazaar in the eastern section and the Mongols rose gardens. in the Persian area, go to fruit and vegetable market held at the lake and visit the mosque Hatzrabal. The visitor must walk in the beautiful valley of Kashmir.

 

Rajasthan

Jaipur: The capital of Rajasthan is popularly known as the Rose City. It was founded by Maharaja Jai Singh II, who took advantage of the weakening Mughal to leave his fortress of Amber, which is now seen rising on the backs of elephants. It is a colorful town whose major attractions are concentrated within the walled city, which retains its original seven gates, one of which leads to the Johari Bazaar, the famous jewelers market. Interesting monuments are the minaret Iswari Swarga Sul Minar, Palace of Winds or Hawa Mahal, Royal Palace and the Astronomical Observatory.

Udaipur: The most romantic city in Rajasthan, built around the beautiful Lake Pichola. Founded by Udai Singh, it is a harmonious Indian blend of whitewashed buildings, marble palaces, lakeside gardens, temples and havelis. Lake Pichola contains two wonderful palaces: Jagniwas and Jagmandir. The huge City Palace overlooking the lake is covered with balconies, towers and cupolas. Among the attractions in Udaipur are the doors of the old walled city and its beautiful streets, the magnificent temple of Jagdish and residence Bagoreki Haveli. The best of Udaipur is the activity at the ghats.

Jodhpur: Known as the Blue City because many of the houses are painted green. One must visit the fortress of red sandstone, one of India's beautiful, which holds several palaces. Another place to visit is the Umaid Bhawan Palace, and suggested is a walk along the street market around the Clock Tower.

Jaisalmer: The fortress in the desert seems straight out of a fairy tale. Founded in the twelfth century is a golden limestone city. (with crenellated walls and several havelis of exquisitely carved stone and wood. – don’t understand the adjectives – bs) Jaisalmer's impressive fort crowns a hill of 80 m, filled with a large number of houses, temples and palaces, and trees, including the palace of the Maharajah and beautifully carved Jain temples. Also visit the Khuri sand dunes and watch thebeautiful sunsets.

Bikaner: A city-fortress built in red sandstone and surrounded by walls. The Junagargh Fort was built in the XVI century and consists of 40 palaces with marble halls, rooms, polychrome ivory and wood engravings and mirrored ceilings. In the fortress are preserved some temples, courtyards, a heated marble of Carrara; also the throne of Maharaja and a hunting museum. In the ancient city walls are the Bara Bazaar, Bhandreshwar Jain temple and the temple Lakshminath. In Deshmoke there is a temple known as the Karni Mata rat temple.

Pushkar: A small town with its white buildings that surround the lake dedicated to Brahma. Here there is a Camel Fair held each November, known as the Mela.

 

Uttar Pradesh

Fatehpur Sikri: The former capital of the Mughal Empire until its transfer to Agra (as the city could not obtain water). It retains its palaces, caravanserais, pavilions and a mosque.

Agra: The Taj Mahal, the most extravagant monument ever built for love, has become the tourist emblem of India. This moving Mongolian mausoleum was built by Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his second wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The perfection of its architecture is clearly seen as is the marble monument with inlays of semiprecious stones. The Agra Fort, also on the banks of the Yamuna, has colossal walls that contain a maze of superb halls, mosques, houses and gardens. Another gem is the mausoleum of Mughal Akbar in Sikandra.

Rhantambore National Park: A park known for its outstanding tigers.

Gwalior: Built on a hill with its fortress that dominates the city. There are a few temples and the palace of Man Measure. The city is the Jai Vilas Palace.

Khajuraho: Beautiful and quiet town, with a glut of temples dedicated to everything imaginable: sun gods, sacred bulls and especially sex. The erotic possibilities suggested by the stone statues have helped to consolidate its international reputation. The religious buildings of greater size and importance are in the western group.

Bandhavgarh National Park: One of the ideal parks to see tigers of Bengal.

Kanha National Park: One of the largest national parks. The Jungle Book, by Rudyard Kipling, is set in this park, which has a large variety of wildlife including leopard, chital,and tigers. Elephant trekking are performed at dawn and dusk.

Varanasi: The Eternal City is the religious capital of India. Built on the banks of the sacred Ganges, Varanasi has slightly more than a hundred ghats for bathing and cremation, but the Manikarnika Ghat is the most sacred of all. It's where there are the highest number of cremations. The best ghat to watch the river activity is Dasaswamedh Ghat, where people come for the ritual bath, practice yoga, offer blessings, buy bread, sell flowers, hae massages, play cricket, enjoy swimming, shaving , and give alms to beggars. The city has other attractions, like the Golden Temple, narrow streets and labyrinths, Also visit the nearby Buddhist Sarnath.

 

Bengal

Bodh Gaya: In this town Buddha attained enlightenment, making it a holy place for Buddhists, where there are many temples and monasteries. The most important temple is the Mahabodhi.

Calcutta: The Bengal chief city, former capital of British India and self-proclaimed City of Joy is listed as one of the most fascinating urban centers of the country. In the Maidan, Calcutta's residents spend their leisure time. There is the huge Fort William and the Victoria Memorial. The administrative center of Calcutta, the Dalhousie Square, is known as BBD Bagh, which contains the Writers Building, the Post Office building, and the temple of Kali, and which is a center of pilgrimage where devotees sacrifice goats to please the goddess. Other places to visit are the Museum of India, the Botanical Garden and the Howrah Bridge, the busiest in the world.

 

Sikkim

Gangtok: Head of the executive and legislative and housing the Namgyal Institute of Tibetology, with more than 30,000 copies, and a fine collection of Buddhist art. The Lal bazaar where people of different ethnicities mix in the region. One must visit the Orchid Farm.

Pemayangtse: The most important monastery of the order Nyingmapa, where every morning the monks go out to receive a new day, with views of Kangchenjunga, the sacred mountain.

Rumtek: This monastery is a symbol of national identity Sikkimese and was built in the eighteenth century and houses the Buddhist order Kargyupa. It is a beautiful building influenced by the Tibetan architecture.

Darjeeling: Popular mountain resort by the British during colonial times. Today the city offers a view of the Buddhist monasteries and tea plantations and shopping in bustling bazaars. Among its main attractions are the Passenger Ropeway, the first chairlift built in India, leading to the Singla Bazaar. To discover the vast fields of tea, it's best to visit the Happy Valley Tea Estate.

 

Maharashtra

Mumbai: The country's most cosmopolitan city. Mumbai is a mix of races, religions, colors, customs, materialism, wealth, poverty and spirituality. Its urban landscape is more like a British city with the red double-decker buses. The most famous monument is the Gateway of India, but there are others like the Ganesha Temple, Haji Ali Mosque, the house-museum of Mahatma Gandhi, the Tower of Silence or Marine Drive. Opposite the town is the Elephantine Island.

Ajanta Caves: The 29 caves of Ajanta Buddhist motifs contain paintings dating from the third century BC to the seventh century AD These caves preserved ancient temples and monasteries.

Ellora Caves: The 34 caves of Ellora are beyond Ajanta and contain motifs of Buddhists, Hindus and Jains, are replete with statues.

Goa: Goa is a jewel of India's beautiful beaches and remnants of the former Portuguese rule. Two thirds of the population are Hindus, but more liberal than elsewhere in the country.

 

Andra Pradesh

Hyderabad: One of the major cities of India, and the state capital. It has remains of the period of Islamic domination of the XVI and XVII: Mecca Masjid Mosque, one of the largest in the world, the Charminar, which takes the name of the four minarets that protrude from its structure. Laad Bazaar is the most important city for its metal work, although there are several more bazaars. Another interesting place is the Golconda Fort with the Tombs of Qutab Shahi Kings.

Pakhalé Wildlife Reserve: Small sanctuary inhabited by large numbers of birds such as ibis, storks and cormorants; also teak forests which are home to tigers and sloths.

Warangal: Known for its Shiva temple or the "Thousand Pillars." It was Indian capital for two centuries.

Tirupati: One of the most important pilgrimage centers of the world is the temple of Shri Venkateshvara, located on the sacred hill of Tirumala. Every day thousands of pilgrims visit it. Also in this mountain is Fort Chanragiri. The city is the temple of Govindarajaswani.

 

Tamil Nadu

Chennai: Fourth largest city and capital of the state. Most of the historical heritage is in the south: the Kapaslishvara and Parthasarathy temples and the Cathedral of St. Thomas the tenth century, in which are kept the relics of the saint British rule has left the Church of Santa Maria and the Fort Saint George. A must to visit is Marina Beach where fishermen mend their nets on return from fishing.

Mahabalipuram: Known for its temples along the beach, The Shore Temple has stunning sculptures. The Arjuna's Penance is one of the shrines carved into the rock with relief, and it reflects the history of the Ganges. It preserves some mandapans, the first temples hewn from the rock and Rath, who are the precursors Dravinianos and Buddhist temples.

Kanchipuram: One of the seven sacred cities of Hinduism, which are preserved up to 150 temples. Many of these retain valuable statues and ponds as in the temples of Varadaraja Vishnu Perumal Temple Jain Mandir or Tiruparutipuram. The city is famous for its saris.
Pondicherry: A French city in India.

Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary: Occupying the Park Wetlands Strait that separates India from Sri Lanka.

Tiruchirapalli: The Old Trichy has a fortified temple on a promontory overlooking the river Kaveri. There is thr Srirangam temple It is a truly religious city where animation is confused with religious worship in the bazaar. There is a colorful market.

Madurai: The second oldest city in the state and its cultural capital. The city has one of the most imposing buildings of civil architecture, the Palace Tirumalay Kayak. The most important building is the Meenakshi temple town, with walkways, pools, shops, the main shrine room and its thousand pillars.

Kanyakumari: South of the state and the southernmost point of the country is a famous pilgrimage site for the temples and SUCHINDRAM Kanyakumari, Vivekananda Memorial and Gandhi Mandapa.

 

Kerala

Munnar: One of the main centers for the production of tea. Erivikalum National Park, located amidst the mountains of the Cardamom Hills Nilgiri Tahr inhabit an endangered antelope.

Periyar National Park: Located in a mountainous area, is one of the most beautiful nature reserves in India near the Periyar lake, surrounded by mountains covered by tropical forests populated by monkeys, leopards, tigers, elephants, wild boars and all kinds of birds .

Kovalam: One of the most famous and beautiful beaches of India. From Kovalam Varkala you can access where there are some beautiful cliffs and a beach that retains its wild state.

The Backwaters: There are two main ports of entry are Kollam, one of the leading centers for traditional medicine and Ayurvedic Allappuzha with some charming bazaars. This is a complex network of lagoons, lakes, rivers and canals, which form a regional lifestyle characteristic that can be navigated by boat, while crossing shallow lakes surrounded by palm trees, and shady canals where the natives load coir, copra and cashew nuts in their barges.

Kochi: A city with great attractions, which left the various cultures that influenced its growth. One of the most interesting towns is in the south. The city is located on a narrow group of islands and peninsulas. We can see Chinese fishermen with their nets, the Jewish Quarter in Fort Cochin and the church of San Francisco where is buried Basque da Gama.

 

Karnataka

Mysore: A charming and peaceful town, famous for its silk and jasmine fragrances, spices and incense that fill the streets. In its time it was the seat of the Maharajas of Mysore. The Maharaja's Palace is the main attraction of the city, with its stained glass, ornate mirrors, mahogany covered ceilings and doors of solid silver. Devaraja Market is one of the most picturesque in India. Another focus is the ascent to Chamundi Hill, home of the temple of Chamundeswari.

Belur and Halebid: These two locations are characterized by religious statuary, as the walls of the temples at these places are full of animals, gods, plants and various decorations.

Bangalore: 1,000 meters above sea level. Its streets are full of trees. It is known as the "City of Gardens". It has one of the best universities in the country. Attractions include the Lalbagh Botanical Gardens, Tipu Sultan's Palace, the Temple of Nandi and the Vidhana Soudha, one of the most spectacular buildings in India.

 

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

They are about 300 tropical islands covered with lush jungle, located in the Bay of Bengal, between India and Burma. Most of the Andaman and Nicobar islands are deserted, surrounded by coral reefs, and have white sand beaches and incredibly clear water. It is an excellent place for scuba diving, and relaxing on the beach, although there are restricted areas.